Should I Upgrade to Office 2007?

Microsoft released eight different versions of its popular office suite sporting a easy to use user interface and a new feature called the ribbon. There is an Office 2007 suite for every type of consumer: Basic, Home & Student, Standard, Small Business, Professional, Ultimate, Professional Plus, and Enterprise (see figure 1). All eight Microsoft’s Office 2007 suites include the four core office applications that made it so popular: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Outlook. The only exception is Microsoft’s Home and Student 2007; it substitutes the New and Improved OneNote 2007 with Outlook (see figure 1).

Microsoft Office 2007 introduces several new additions to its Office suite: Microsoft Office Accounting Express 2007, Microsoft Office Groove 2007, and Microsoft Office Communicator 2007. Groove 2007 and Accounting Express 2007 are currently available, but Office Communicator 2007 currently scheduled for release the second quarter of 2007.

Office Groove 2007 is a desktop client that allows team members to quickly create and customize collaborative workspaces right on their PCs and easily invite others within and across organizational boundaries. Groove offers customizable tools, automatic synchronization, and integrated alerts. Groove’s contextual communication tools let teams work together dynamically from virtually any location, helping save time and increase productivity. Groove integrates with other Microsoft programs and technologies and is a great application for use in an Office environment. Groove comes with Microsoft Office 2007 Ultimate and Enterprise editions or can be purchased by itself from Microsoft’s web site.

Microsoft Office Accounting Express 2007 is a new program designed for the millions of new businesses that use pen and paper, spreadsheets or personal finance software to manage their business. Microsoft Office Accounting Express 2007 is Full featured accounting application that provides a single place to manage a company’s business finances with the familiar look and feel of Microsoft Office system programs. Microsoft Office Accounting Express 2007 is included with Office Small Business, Professional, and Ultimate suites. Microsoft Office Accounting Express 2007 is also available as a free download from

Microsoft Office Communicator 2007 due to be released mid 2007 is a communications program that helps people to be more productive by enabling people to communicate easily with others in different locations or time zones using a range of different communication options, including instant messaging (IM), voice, and video. Microsoft Office Communicator 2007 integrates with Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote, Groove, and SharePoint Server to offer information workers many different ways to communicate with each other. Microsoft Office Communicator 2007 will be eventually released with Office 2007 Professional Plus and Enterprise suites, and be available for download from Microsoft website the second May of 2007.

All of the new Office 2007 applications that Microsoft introduced can benefit all types of business and corporations. The collaboration feature of Groove 2007 combined with the communication features of Office Communicator 2007 could increase productivity and lower the cost of doing business. Microsoft’s Accounting Express 2007 address the needs of small business that currently use pen and paper methods of record keeping and allows them to view their data in ways they could see before. These three new additions to Microsoft’s Office suite can definitely be used in an office environment to help increase productivity and efficiency.

Microsoft Office 2007 introduces a new file format based on XM; which are based on open standards. The new XML file formats enables fast creation of documents from different data sources, speeding up document assembly, data mining, and content reuse. The formats simplify exchanging data between applications in the 2007 Office suite and enterprise business systems. The Office 2007 released is not required to create a document in the new XML formats. Users can improve productivity by publishing, searching, and reusing information more quickly and accurately in the environment they choose using XML which is based on industry-standard XML and ZIP technologies, support full integration by any technology provider, and are available via a royalty-free license.

While the best way to minimize compatibility issues is to standardize your environment on a single file format, many organizations will need to deploy the 2007 Microsoft Office system in a phased rollout, or will need to collaborate with other companies. For this reason, Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Office Word 2007, and Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2007 contain features to ensure compatibility with previous versions of Office. You can use the Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack to allow backward compatibility, so that previous versions of Office can open and save files in the new file format. In addition, the openness of the new file format makes it more compatible with non-Office programs.

In Office 2007, Microsoft replaces the traditional menus and toolbars with a new User Interface called the Ribbon. The Ribbon organizes commands into a sets of tabs. The tabs on the Ribbon display the commands that are most relevant for each of the task areas in the applications. For example, in Office Word 2007, the tabs group commands for activities such as inserting objects like pictures and tables, doing page layout, working with references, mailings, and reviewing. The Home tab provides easy access to the most frequently used commands (Microsoft). Office Excel 2007 has a similar set of tabs that make sense for spreadsheet work including tabs for working with formulas, managing data, and reviewing. These tabs simplify accessing application features because they organize the commands in a way that corresponds directly to the tasks people perform in these applications.

It took me a little while to adjust to the new layout and use of the Ribbon, I admit at first I felt a wee bit disorientated, but after a few uses I felt right at home. In fact, I dislike using Office 2003 now. The Office 2007 User Interface provides me with easy access to the commands that I use the most and helps me become more efficient and effective at my task. The only thing that I miss from Office 2003 is the “Ask your question here” help text box at the top right corner.

Microsoft Office 2007 system requirements are fairly straight forward. The minimum requirements for Office 2007 is a PC with a 500 megahertz (MHz) processor or higher, at least 256 megabyte (MB) RAM or higher, a Hard drive with at least 2 gigabyte (GB) available; a portion of this disk space will be freed after installation if the original download package is removed from the hard drive, a CD-ROM or DVD drive, a 1024×768 or higher resolution monitor, and Microsoft Windows XP with Service Pack (SP) 2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, or later operating system. Speech recognition requires a close-talk microphone and audio output device. Remember that these are just the minimum system requirements. I tried to install Office 2007 on a computer with 512 megabyte (MB) of shared memory and froze halfway during the install, I recommend at least 1 gigabyte (GB) of memory to alleviate this problem and to activate additional features such as OneNote Audio Search, and Grammar and contextual spelling features in Word.

In conclusion, I recommend upgrading to Microsoft Office 2007. Its streamlined interface is easier to use and will increases user productivity and efficiency. The new applications included with the suite will assist businesses and organizations of any size collaborate more easier and effortlessly then ever before. Microsoft Office 2007’s systems requirements are straightforward, the cost of upgrading your hardware is paid in full the increased productivity and efficiency that the suite provides.


To Vista? or not to Vista? That is the question!

With the release of Windows Vista, The question on everyone’s mind is: “Should I upgrade or should I wait?” This is not only a difficult decision for consumers but confusing as well. Microsoft has released six editions with many different features: Starter, (not available in North America) Home, Home Premium, Ultimate, Business, and Enterprise. Vista’s different versions and strict hardware requirements are leaving many consumers scratching their heads. Corporate and business decisions makers have a lot more to consider than which version they will use. Since Windows Vista’s hardware requirements are more demanding than the previous Microsoft OS releases. Business and corporate customers must also figure in hardware upgrade, deployment, and training costs into the equation; they must also think about legacy software compatibility and upgrade, configuration, and service pack issues. In this article I will discuss what a software manager for a large corporation needs to know in making the decision to upgrade to Vista.

Before making the leap to Windows Vista, you must know which version fits your business or personal needs. The first step is to compare Vista features and decide which version is right for you or your business. You should then list the benefits you expect to receive from a Vista upgrade. Furthermore, you should find out if the software you currently use will work with Vista. Software managers must contact their software venders, to see if their software packages need a service pack, a patch, or an upgrade.

After determining that you or your company will benefit from an upgrade to Vista you should make a list of all the systems, you would like to upgrade and their current operating system and hardware configurations. List the age of each system above and its remaining life expectancy. Check each system and verify its Vista upgrade path (either a clean install or In-place installation). Test each system for its Vista hardware compatibility using The Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor (a free download from Microsoft). The advisor will tell you what hardware upgrades you will need in order to bring your computers Vista compliant. Next, List the total cost of any hardware upgrades necessary, the cost of any labor to perform the upgrade, and the cost of the Vista itself. Then determine the per system cost and the age of each system. Compare the total costs of the upgrade to the expected benefits, and finally consider the outcome above vs. buying a new PC with Vista preloaded (Technical Specifications).

If it the upgrade to vista is not mission critical, then it is a good idea to wait a few months until the first service pack is released. Microsoft says that software that runs on your XP system should run on your Vista system, the key word here is “Should” (Microsoft). Do not take that for granted, some software manufactures are still working on a Vista version of their software. When considering Vista, one should check with software venders to ensure Vista compatibility.

First, it is important to understand the range of Vista options. Windows Vista, at the time of its release, will be available in six different flavors. Windows Vista Starter: This edition is a 32-bit only version of Windows aimed at emerging markets, with a very limited features and minimal graphical improvements over Windows XP (Simonds). Your typical customer probably will not want this edition; the better choice would be Windows Vista Home Basic. Microsoft’s Home Basic is the entry-level version of Vista and targets the modest consumer who wants the newer elements of the Vista, but does not need the advanced features like Media Center or DVD Maker. Windows Vista Home Premium adds the Aero Glass interface, tablet PC support, synchronization features and digital media applications (Microsoft ). Home Premium is essentially at the same level as Windows XP Media Center Edition.

Windows Vista Business is the most basic business-oriented edition of the operating system, and includes the ability to participate in a domain, as well as better management and security features, like Group Policy support and Encrypting File System capabilities (Simonds). Windows Vista Enterprise builds on Vista Business and adds the subsystem for UNIX applications support as well as Virtual PC Express (which allows you to run virtual Operating Systems). Vista Enterprise is available only to Microsoft volume-license customers. However if you want all of the features Microsoft has to often then Windows Vista Ultimate is for you it contains all of the goodies in every edition (Microsoft).

For small businesses that run XP Pro, Microsoft recommends reformatting the drive prior to installing Vista (Microsoft ). You need to back up your data, reformat the drive, reinstall your applications and then reinstall your data. Typically, that is when you will find some of your applications will not work with Vista. It is not just your PC either. Upgrading to Vista affects your PC peripherals such as digital cameras, printers and scanners. Part of the upgrade process involves hunting down and installing new drivers to make these devices Vista compliant.

There are two ways to get Windows Vista: 1) Installed on a brand new computer system, this maybe the easiest way to upgrade to Vista, because the hardware is built with Vistas hardware requirements in mind. 2) Upgrade your existing machine, this may be time consuming and difficult for an inexperienced person. Older computers need an extensive hardware upgrade, especially memory and processing power and hard drive space. For businesses, the cost of upgrading to Vista may be a substantial investment.

For business, I would recommend Windows Vista Business Edition. To succeed in today’s changing market, businesses small and large must constantly strive to maximize their competitive advantage. Today’s business applications give the unparalleled ability to expand the impact of the most valuable asset in those businesses: the employee. Windows Vista Business Edition will help people to work more efficiently, help teams to collaborate and communicate more effectively, regardless of their location, and enable IT managers to lower costs and increase security (Simonds).

Works Cited

Microsoft. Small Business Center. 25 March 2007. 1 April 2007 <;.

Microsoft. “Windows Vista Features.” 25 March 2007. 1 April 2007 <;.

Simonds, Lauren. Upgrading to Windows Vista: The Great Migration. 25 March 2007. 1 April 2007 <;.

Technical Specifications. Microsoft Corporation 2007. 25 March 2007 <;.

Zune vs. iPod

Portable MP3 players have come a long way since their humble beginnings in the late 1990s. The
world’s first MP3 players, The Eiger Labs MPMan F10 and the Diamond Multimedia Rio PMP300 were shipped with 32 Mbytes of internal memory. MPEG Audio Layer III (MP3) the standard for audio compression that makes any music file smaller with little or no loss of sound quality redefined how music enjoyed and launched a new industry (Bellis). In October 1998, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed a lawsuit in federal court claiming that Diamond’s Rio PMP300 violated the 1992 Audio Home Recording Act. The Feds ruled in favor of Diamond, which paved the way for the development of the MP3 portable player market. Apple was one of the first companies to take advantage of this new industry when it developed and released the iPod. Microsoft entered the game in 2006 with its Zune. The iPods and the Zune are very popular MP3 players and are similar in features they offer. However, they are also very different. By discussing their Features, Ease of Use, and Synchronization software, I will compare them and discuss both types of MP3 players in some detail. I will then give my pick and my reasons why.

Ease of use is one of the most important selection criteria one must consider before purchasing a MP3 player. Apple’s 30GB iPod features a simplistic user interface called the click wheel. It allows the user to select, adjust the volume, pause, play, and seek music, videos, and podcast with just a thumb. Other then the click wheel there is a hold switch and an earphone jack that sits on top of the device. The 30GB iPod weights in at 4.8 oz, and the 2.4″ x0.4″ x4.1″ body makes the device easy to handle. In contrast, Microsoft’s Zune weighing 5.6 oz with a 4.3×2.5×0.7 body is a lot thicker, blockier, and heavier than the 30GB iPod. The Zune has no buttons on the sides, only a hold switch and an earphone jack on top, and a USB/accessories port on the bottom. The three control buttons are simple and are flush with the body. The heavier and bigger Zune does not fit as comfortably as the IPod and it is cumbersome to control.


5G iPod



Apple Computer, Inc.

Microsoft Corp.

Model #



Price range




interface(s) supported

Hi-Speed USB

Wi-Fi , Hi-Speed USB

Digital storage

Built-in 30 GB Hard disk drive

Built-in 30 GB Hard disk drive

supported digital audio standards

AAC , Apple Lossless , Audible , WAV , AIFF , MP3


Mfr estimated battery life

14 hour(s)

14 hour(s)

Battery Life Details

Digital playback 14 hour(s), Slideshows with music 4 hour(s), Video playback 3.5 hour(s)

Video playback 4 hour(s), Music playback (wireless on) 13 hour(s), Music playback (wireless off) 14 hour(s), Pictures 4 hour(s)

Service & support

1 year warranty

Info unavailable

Audio system built-in display



Diagonal size

2.5 in

3 in


320 x 240

320 x 240

Additional features

Notes, Calendar, Phone book, Hold button, Date display, Photo wallet, Built-in games, H.264 playback, Volume limiter, MPEG-4 playback, JPEG photo playback, Upgradeable firmware, USB 2.0 compatibility, Playback speed control, Rechargeable capability, Battery level indication

WMV playback, H.264 playback, MPEG-4 playback, Built-in FM radio, JPEG photo playback, Upgradeable firmware, USB 2.0 compatibility

Features are very important in a player and both the iPod and the Zune have what consumers are looking for, however they differ in a several ways. The 5G iPod has a bright 2.5-inch LCD display, a sleek design and 3.5-hour video battery life. The iPod supports gapless playback, an instant search feature, and enhanced games. Movies are available for purchase from the ITunes or sync with your own. The iPod has Notes, Calendar, and Phone book features and can synchronize with your calendar and or contact program. The iPod supports MPEG-4 and JPEG photo playback and can be used as an external hardrive. The iPod does not feature a built in FM Radio or Wi-Fi like the Zune. Microsoft’s Zune plays audio, and displays video and photos just like the iPod but sports an impressive 3-inch (4:3) screen. Unlike the iPod, the Zune offers a FM radio and Wi-Fi capabilities and works well with Microsoft’s Zune Marketplace software. The integrated wireless allows limited sharing of songs and photos. However, the Zune Marketplace does not offer video content and cannot play protected content. The Zune is not backward compatible with WMA-DRM9. Unlike the iPod, the Zune cannot be used as a hard drive.

Apple and Microsoft both have developed software that allows users to synchronize music to their players. Apple’s iTunes not only allows users to preview, purchase and download content but rip their current CD collection as well. Free podcasts on every topic from gardening to learning how to speak Spanish are offered on iTunes. In addition to music, iTunes also allows users to purchase games, movies, TV shows, and audio books and synchronize them to their IPods. iTunes helps organizes user’s audio and video libraries and play everything from your Mac or PC, Then synchronize it to your iPod to bring it along. iTunes is very easy to use and allows you to Burn your own custom CDs, iTunes is a free download from Like iTunes, Microsoft’s Zune Marketplace software allows you to purchase music and sync with your Zune. It allows you to synchronize your music, videos, and pictures to your device, and it allows you to sync up with an Xbox 360. You can Rip and burn CDs and create playlists just like iTunes. However, the Zune Marketplace software only works on windows and not MAC (Technical Specifications).

In conclusion, I like the 3″ screen of the Zune, the built in FM stereo, and Wi-Fi Features. however, I love the ease of use of the iPod and the fact it fits perfectly in the palm of my hand, it is easy to take out of my pocket, and adjust the volume or change tracks with just one hand. Apple has been in the industry since the beginning and has worked out the bugs of previous models. Over the last few years Microsoft’s has been trying catch up and the Zune and it has not been the “IPod killer” that it was billed to be. Ease of Use, seamless UI, and easy synchronization are the reason why I chose the iPod over the Zune. Even thought I like the big 3-inch display and the built in Wi-Fi. I will save my pennies for Apple’s next iPod release.

Works cited

Bellis, Mary. “The History of MP3.” About, Inc. 26 Mar 2007

Download Itunes 7. Apple Inc. 2007. 25 March 2007 <;.

Technical Specifications. Microsoft Corporation 2007. 25 March 2007 <;.

500GB Hard Drive Product Reviews

The Hard drives discussed in this report have been tested with two industry benchmark applications: PCMark05 and HD Tach. The PCMark05 Test measures the performance of your PC and determines its strengths and weaknesses. The HD Tach is a physical performance hard drive test that checks the hard drives actual physical performance. In This article I will talk about two hard drives the Hitachi Deskstar 7K500 and Seagate NL35.2, both 500GB and 3GB SATA drives.


7K500 500GB






3Gbps SATA

3Gbps SATA

Spindle Speed (rpm)



Cache Buffer (MB)



Avg. Read Seek Time



HD Tach RW
Read avg/max (MBps)



Write avg/max (MBps)



Burst read (MBps)



Random access (ms)*



PCMark05 Pro 1.1.0
Hard Drive Overall



WinXP Startup (MBps)




three-year warranty

three-year warranty

Each drive was tested by Computer Power User magazine’s Marty Sems, singly on a fully updated system with an Athlon FX-55 (2.6GHz/1MB of L2 cache), 1GB (2 x 512MB) of PC4400 DDR RAM at 400MHz, with a 1.5Gbps Western Digital Raptor 74GB Hard drive, and Windows XP Professional with service pack 2 (Sems 16). The Nvidia nForce4 chipset on the DFI LAN-Party NF4 SLI-DR main-board provided the 3Gbps/NCQ SATA controller.

The Hitachi Deskstar 7K500 was the first hard drive to ship with a half a terabyte of storage capacity. The 7K500 was PCMark05’s clear favorite between the two 7,200rpm hard drives in this report, almost matching the 10,000rpm Raptor’s scores. The 7K500 sports a 3GB SATA interface and has a seek time of 8.5 ms, with 16MB of Cache. The 7K500 cost $379.99 and comes with a three year warranty. For performance the 7K500 is definitely the better choice. It can be purchased on-line from Hitachi,, or bought in your favorite computer electronics store.

The 500GB Seagate NL35.2 is rerelease of a Barracuda 7200.9 with modified firmware (Sems 17). The Seagate NL35.2 also has a 7,200 RPM spindle speed and a 16MB of Cache. Although it did beat the Deskstar 7K500’s Windows XP start up time, its seek time is only 11ms which makes it slower of the two drives tested. The NL35.2 has a 1-million hour MTBF rating because of its build, tolerances, and testing (Sems 17). The NL35.2 did well in HD Tach benchmark test conducted by Computer Power User magazine’s Marty Sems. The Seagate NL35.2 is your best choice for 24/7 reliability. The Seagate NL35.2 cost $384 and also comes with a three-warranty. The NL35.2 can be purchased directly from Seagate,, or from a retailer.

For performance The Hitachi Deskstar 7K500 is your best bet its performance in both PCMark05 and HD Tach were excellent (see table 1). For longevity, The Seagate NL35.2 is the pick with its 1-million hour MTBF rating. When purchasing a drive one must decide what is most important: short-term performance or long-term reliability.

Works Cited

Sems, Marty. “Heavy Gear.” Computer Power User February 2006: 16-20.

Handling a Computer Installation Problem

Potential problems may arise during the installation of a computer system. The kind of problems in my experience falls in three broad categories: Hardware, Software, and Ergonomics. In this essay I will discuss a potential hardware computer installation problem and I will reveal possible causes for this problems and suggest solutions to resolve it.

One can only pray for a pain free and easy computer installation, but the truth is that there is always a obstacle to overcome and a problem to resolve; you may encounter a clean and hassle free computer installation every once in awhile, but remember if it was that easy, anyone could do it.. When building a new computer a technician must consider hardware compatibility. The days of “Plug and Pray” are coming to an end with new releases of more advance operating systems. However, hardware malfunctions or installation problems can occur and do more often then not.

Problem: The PC seems to boot up fine, but there is no display. A possible Cause is could be the monitor cables. A Solution is to make sure that the cable between the monitor and PC is secured tightly. If the monitor has a separate power cord, make sure the cord is connected firmly at both ends. Another possible solution is to check the video card. If the monitor is working fine, it’s time to power down the computer, disconnect the power source, and open the computer case. Once you locate the video card, remove it from the expansion slot. Check to see if the card is damaged. If it looks to be damaged, replace it with a known good video care and try to boot the computer again with the monitor turned on. If it is integrated video they problem may lie with the motherboard, However, This is not likely, but it’s worth considering. It’s unlikely because you would almost surely be having other motherboard-related problems, such as random reboots or lockups, or a system that refuses to boot at all.


Works cited

Beisse, Fred. A Guide to Computer User Support for Help Desk & Support Specialists. 3rd ed. Boston MA: Thomson Course Technology, 2004

Lenz, Mary. The Complete Help Desk Guide. New York: Flatiron Pub., 1996

Benefits of Adding RAM

Today’s operating systems and applications require more system resources than ever, especially memory. More memory will speed up your computer applications and increases your computers overall performance. Some benefits of adding more memory include quicker boot-up times and the ability to run multiple programs simultaneously. Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2) memory offers maximum data transfer rates to increase performance of memory demanding applications such as streaming video, games, and graphics programs.

6 benefits of
adding more RAM

    1. Applications run faster
    2. Use the latest operating systems
    3. Run multiple applications
    4. Increased overall system performance
    5. Enhanced video resolution
    6. Run the latest computer games.

      Some computer manufacturers such as Toshiba ship their laptop computers with the least amount of memory to keep the selling price low. Toshiba embeds 256MB of DDR2 RAM in it laptops and has one to two open memory slots to allow upgrades. Windows XP will run painfully slow with the minimum amount of memory. Which according to Microsoft is, “128 megabytes (MB) of RAM or … (64 MB minimum supported; may limit performance and some features)” (“Windows XP Professional System Requirements”). You can never have too much memory by adding just 512 MB of additional RAM will dramatically improved your systems performance.

      Computer Memory is analogous to the top of your desk, the bigger your desk top the more things (applications) your can have on it at the same time (multitasking), such as a writing tablet (word processing program), a date book, (a calendar program) etc. Think of these items as your computer programs and the desktop as RAM, the more RAM in your computer (bigger desktop) the more applications you can run simultaneously (the more junk on your desk). Software applications will also run much faster with more memory especially memory hungry applications such as graphic intensive programs. The amount of memory you can upgrade your system to is based on your budget and your computer’s memory requirements.

      Some laptops can only be upgrade to 2GB of RAM, and laptop memory usually is more expensive then desktop memory. Most new desktops can be upgraded to 4GB or more. Make sure that you know your computers model number when searching for memory, not all memory will work in all computers. If you’re in doubt contact your computers manufacturer to find out what kind of memory you should buy or purchase memory directly from them.

      Works Cited

      “Windows XP Professional System Requirements”. August 24, 2001. March 14, 2007<;

      The Windows Registry

      The registry is a hierarchical database that is used by the Operating System (OS) to store information that is necessary to configure the system for users, applications and hardware devices. It contains information that Windows continually references during operation, such as profiles, applications installed on the computer and the types of documents that each can create. It also contains information for property sheet settings for folders, application icons, hardware that exists in the system, and the ports that are being used (“Windows registry”).

      XP Regedit

      The Registry replaced most of the text-based .ini files used in Windows 3.x and MS-DOS configuration files, such as the Autoexec.bat and Config.sys. You can edit the registry by using Registry Editor (Regedit.exe or Regedt32.exe). But be careful if you use Registry Editor incorrectly, you can cause problems that may require you to reinstall the operating system (“Windows registry”).

      The Windows Registry is split into five logical sections. These all begin “HKEY” (an abbreviation for “Handle to Key”). Each of these keys is divided into subkeys, which contain further subkeys, and so on (see table 1). Any key may contain entries with various types of values. The values of these entries can be: a String Value, a Binary Value (0 or 1), a DWORD Value (32 bit unsigned integer), a Multi-String Value, or a Expandable String Value. Registry keys are specified with form similar to Windows’ path names, using backslashes to indicate levels of hierarchy. E.g. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows refers to the subkey “Windows” of the subkey “Microsoft” of the subkey “Software” of the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE key (“Windows registry”).

      the five hives of the registry

      Works cited

      Windows registry.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 9 Feb 2007, 00:24 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 12 Feb 2007